CompTIA Network+ N10-004: 1.4 – Subnet Masks – Part 2

Published on April 24th, 2009 at 11:51 pm

Last modified on July 24th, 2011 at 4:23 pm

Properly architecting an entire network usually involves a great deal of planning and IP subnetting calculations. In this video, you’ll learn how to use subnet masks to divide a network into smaller IP subnets.

<< Previous Video: Subnet Masks – Part 1Next: Addressing Technologies >>

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Category: CompTIA Network+ N10-004

Comments (8)

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  1. Aucado54 says:

    Guess I have a ways to go. Will need to watch this one several times.

  2. Randy says:

    Same here, but it’s still alot easier than reading it in a book. I’d like to thank you James for the work you’re putting into this. I’ve been into computers and networks, linux, unix, bsd, etc. since i was about 8 years old, i’m 27 now and i’m finally getting around to getting certified.. Hopefully I can break into my dream IT career with your help.

    Thanks again for this, god bless you!

  3. GKA says:

    Thank you, sir!
    I learned this today at school, but i wasnt able pay much attention and watching this video a few times have helped me


  4. Joel says: leaves you with 31 and after factoring in broadcast and subnet address would give you 29 hosts (chart says 30). Am I miscalculating something?

  5. Joel says:

    One month later…I see where I was confused now ha

  6. Neal says:

    Great stuff! Thanks Prof!

    One question. Another set of material says that when you subnet, you effectively get two less subnets than the math says you do. Your chart says a /26 subnet mask gives you four networks with 62 possible hosts, which makes sense since 2^2 =4. The other material says that even though 2^2=4, only two of the networks can actually be used since, if I’m reading it correctly, a network ID cannot be all zeros or all ones, of course eliminating two options.

    I suspect the question is not “who is right” as much as it is “what am I missing here?”!

    • Early on in TCP/IP, the industry thought it would be a bad thing to have both a subnet and a network with the same address. RFC 950 (August 1985) says that a subnet of all ones or all zeros can’t be used. This is where the problem started.

      As TCP/IP rolled out across LAN environments this was found to be a waste, with two perfectly useful address ranges going unused. In December of 1995, RFC 1878 called the practice “obsolete,” and the industry switched to using all available networks when subnetting. It’s not that the idea of removing all-ones and all-zeros is wrong, it’s just fifteen year-old thinking. The only reason you would ever avoid an all-ones or all-zeros subnet is if you had some 15 year-old equipment that didn’t know any better!

  7. Neal says:

    Thanks for the quick reply! Your material is great, and has really helped me get ready for the Network+ exam.